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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and OSCOLA citation style requirements outlined in the Style Guide.
  • All authors must use their most common publication name, in the format of <First name> <Middle name> <Surname>. The authors' names must correspond to the name listed in ORCiD. At least the first author and the corresponding authors must provide their ORCID iD.
  • The manuscript must not carry the names, affiliations, email addresses or any identifying information of the authors.
  • Authors must provide an Acknowledge and Funding Information for each article. Articles written without funding may state: 'The authors received no funding from any party for the research and publication of this
  • At the time of the submission of the manuscript, all authors must consent to publishing the article under an irrevocable Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License.
  • Upon the acceptance of publication, authors must consent to assign the copyright in the article to MMU Press, Multimedia University (registered as Universiti Telekom Sdn Bhd).